Dark circles are when the skin beneath both eyes appears darkened.They are often caused by life style changes like lack of enough sleep and tiredness. There are other reasons like the natural aging process and allergies. Dark circles can appear black or dark brown depending on one’s skin color. Some of the most common causes include; poor sleeping habits, aging process, iron deficiency(anemia), sunlight exposure, allergies, hyper pigmentation, thinning skin due to reduced levels of fatty tissue around the eye, fatigue, frequently rubbing the eyes, smoking, dehydration, and genetics.
Here are some of the natural home remedies to help reduce the appearance of dark circles;
· Enough sleep
Getting enough sleep is crucial, 60 to 7 hours a night is what is recommended for an adult. While you’re sleeping, place your head on extra pillows to prevent fluid from collecting under the eyes, which can make them look puffy in the morning.
· Tea bags
Get two tea bags for each eye and boil them in hot water. Cool them in the fridge for 5 minutes then remove and put them on the eyes. Caffeine has antioxidants that help in blood circulation hence reducing dark circles and puffiness around the eyes.
Apply chilled cucumber slices to each eye for 5 minutes. After removing the cucumber, rinse your face with cold water. Apply the cucumber at least twice a day. Cucumber has high water content and vitamin c to nourish the skin.
· Cold compress
When blood vessels are dilated, dark circles start to form around the eyes. Applying a cold compress to the eyes helps to constrict blood vessels and lessen the appearance of dark circles.
During facials, gently massage under the eyes to help with proper circulation of blood in order to lessen dark circles. Apply moisturizers that have vitamin C, Retinol, hyaluronic acid, caffeine, and aloe vera to help reduce dark circles.
Home remedies are always the best option for treating dark circles but in cases where they don’t work, you can opt for medical treatments by seeking advice from a dermatologist on which medical treatment you can use. These are some of medical treatments that can help reduce dark circles and puffiness around the eyes;
A type of surgery called blepharoplasty can get rid of dark circles that are caused by fat deposits around the eyes. A certified dermatologist should carry out the procedure.
· Chemical peels
Laser therapy uses heat energy to lighten dark pigment under the eyes hence inducing new collagen formation.
Fillers help with volume loss by injecting platelet- rich plasma or hyaluronic acid gel by an ophthalmologists or dermatologist. This volume loss is caused by the loss of fatty tissue or thinning of the skin that causes dark circles.
The appearance of dark circles can be prevented by addressing lifestyle factors like;
- Reduce stress and get enough sleep. Stress is one of the causes of dark circles. Therefore try as much as possible to reduce stress and rest enough.
- Reduce alcohol consumption and smoking; these unhealthy habits can speed up the aging process of the body and may increase the appearance of dark circles.
- Protect the eyes from the sun by wearing sunscreen around the eyes when going out during day time or wearing UV protection sunglasses to prevent getting dark circles.
Dark circles under the eyes can have many different causes, and in some cases can be a sign of a health problem like anaemia. If your dark circles don’t get better with adequate sleep or at-home remedies talk with your doctor to help determine the underlying cause.