Acne is a long-term skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair follicles.
Acne affects the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands including the face, upper part of the chest and back. Acne appears on the skin as blackheads or white heads, and pimples.
The result of the condition can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and depression
Causes of Acne
Genes: if one of your parents had severe acne, it is likely that your acne will be more difficult to control.
Hormones: hormonal activities such as menstruation and puberty, may contribute to the formation of acne. During puberty, an increase in sex hormones called androgens causes the skin follicle glands to grow larger and make more oily sebum
Drugs: some medications may cause or worsen acne such as those containing iodides, bromides or injected steroids.
Diet: Too much sugar, alcohol or caffeine can aggravate acne.
Stress: some people get so upset by the pimples that they pick at them and make them last longer. However, it is not a direct role in causing acne.
Acne treatment guide
- Understand the causes of acne and what is causing your acne: if you know why your skin is breaking out, it will give you a better idea of how to start treating it and what treatment to use.
- Familiarize yourself with the different available acne treatments: read about how different products work, look at their ingredients and read about the product reviews before you buy or use the product.
- Use one acne treatment at a time: If you use more than one acne treatment product on the skin, it will be hard for you to identify which one is working for you.
- Don’t pick at your skin: When you pop or squeeze your pimples, you spread the bacteria and increase the odds that you will get more future breakouts.
- Give acne treatments time to work: Be patient with the product you are using on your skin. Give that product at least 2-3 weeks to see if it will work.
Ingredients that help in the treatment of acne
- Salicylic acid
- Sodium hydroxide
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Zinc oxide
- Glycolic acid
- Mandelic acid
- Hyaluronic acid
Be patient with acne treatment, and if you are still struggling with acne, seek professional treatment.